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Saturday, March 06, 2010

Indonesian Marine Corps / Korps Marinir

Marinir

The Indonesian Marine Corps (Indonesian: Korps Marinir, KorMar) is the Indonesian National Navy's ground troops. It was created on November 15, 1945, and is the country's main amphibious warfare force and quick reaction force against enemy invasion.


History


Kormar has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the largest amphibious military operations was Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines landed in West Irian in the early 1960s as a part of the Trikora campaign to take West Irian from Dutch occupation.

In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from its strength of 13,000 troops. Based on this plan, every Kormar's base would have three combat brigades: the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery and would be supported by one Combat Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya for Eastern area command, Jakarta for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung for Western area command. Now the Indonesian Marine Corps has an estimated 29,000 troops in 2 marine force or ( PASMAR ) equal to division in the army and one infantry marine regiment.

Due to budget restraints, the Korps has reduced the amount of allotted training time with armored vehicles. This has resulted in a largely ineffective defensive force that is surpassed by the regular army.


Organization


Marine Forces plus one independent brigade (forming as part of Ten Year Defence Plan 2004-13)

* 1st Marine Force (HQ : Surabaya Marine Base)
o 1st Marine Infantry Brigade with 1st, 3rd, and 5th Marine Infantry Battalions
o 1st Marine Cavalry Regiment
o 1st Marine Artillery Regiment
o 1st Marine Combat Support Regiment
o 1st Marine Administration Support Regiment
o 1st Amphibious Recon Battalion
* 2nd Marine Force (HQ : Jakarta Marine Base)
o 2nd Marine Infantry Brigade with 2nd, 4th, and 6th Marine Infantry Battalions
o 2nd Marine Cavalry Regiment
o 2nd Marine Artillery Regiment
o 2nd Marine Combat Support Regiment
o 2nd Marine Administration Support Regiment
o 2nd Amphibious Recon Battalion
* 3rd Marine Independent Infantry Brigade (HQ : )
o 7th, 8th, 9th Marine Infantry Battalions



Marine Commandos


Batalion Intai Amfibi(YonTaifib), formerly the Komando Intai Para Amphibi (KIPAM) Amphibious recon Para-Commando was officially formed on 18 March 1961. Set at battalion strength it was first used in the Irian Jaya in April 1962. Starting from November 1971 it was called Batalyon Intai Amphibi(Yon Taifib) or Amphibious Recon Battalion. All volunteers are two year veterans of the KOMAR who volunteer for the seven month commando training course. Training includes a month long airborne training course. Now, one battalion is stationed in Jakarta and Surabaya marine base while the remainder is stationed at the KIPAM training facility at Surabaya.



Commandants of the KORMAR


List of Indonesian Marine Corps Commandants Rank Name From Until Remarks
RADM Agoes Soebekti 1945 1950
MG KKO R. Soehadi 1950 1961
LTG KKO Hartono 1961 1968
LTG Indonesian National Armed Forces KKO Moekijat 1968 1971
MG TNI (Mar) H. Moh. Anwar 1971 1977
LTG TNI (Mar) Kahpi Suriadiredja July 1977 May 1983
MG TNI (Mar) Muntaram May 1983 Januari 1987
MG TNI (Mar) Aminullah Ibrahim January 1987 August 1990
MGTNI (Mar) Baroto Sardadi August 1990 November 1992
MGTNI (Mar) Gatur Chaliq December 1992 April 1994
MGTNI (Mar) Djoko Pramono April 1994 February 1996
LTG TNI (Mar) Suharto February 1996 1999
MGTNI (Mar) Harry Triono 1999 20 November 2002
MGTNI (Mar) Achmad Rifai 20 November 2002 9 November 2004
LTG TNI (Mar) Safzen Noerdin 9 November 2004 6 June 2007
MGTNI (Mar) Nono Sampono 6 June 2007 18 October 2008
MGTNI (Mar) Djunaidi Djahri 18 October 2008 3 September 2009
MGTNI (Mar) Alfan Baharudin 3 September 2009 Present


Heavy Equipment


Vehicle Origin Role Version In service Notes
Light Tanks
PT-76 Russia Light Tank PT-76B 90
Infantry Fighting Vehicles
AMX-10P France IFV AMX-10 PAC 90

AMX-10P MARINE
100
BVP-2 Slovakia IFV BVP-2 22 [1]
BMP-3 Russia IFV BMP-3F 20 Option for 100 more is available
Armoured Personnel Carrierss
BTR-50 Soviet Union APC BTR-50PK 190
BTR-80 Soviet Union APC BTR-80A 20
Amphibious Tracked Vehicles
K-61 ? ? ? ?
PTS Soviet Union ATV PTS-M
LVT7 United States ATV LVT-P7A1 10 Donated from South Korea, 2009[2]. Up to 35 may be acquired.
Multiple Rocket Launchers
RM-70 Czechoslovakia MRL RM-70 Grad 7
Artillery
LG1 France Howitzer LG1 Mark I 20


Light Equipment


* SS1-R5 Raider
* Pindad SS2
* AK-47
* AK-101
* M4
* MP5




IN BAHASA INDONESIA / DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA




KORPS MARINIR

Korps Marinir adalah salah satu Kotama (Komando Utama TNI Angkatan Laut). Dalam struktur organisasi TNI AL, Korps Marinir adalah sebuah Kotama sejajar dengan Kotama lain seperti Koarmatim, Koarmabar, Kolinlamil, Kodikal, Seskoal dan AAL. Cikal bakal Korps Marinir bermula dari tanggal 15 November 1945, di mana nama Corps Mariniers tercantum dalam Pangkalan IV ALRI Tegal sehingga tanggal ini dijadikan sebagai hari lahir Korps Marinir. Selanjutnya berdasarkan Surat Keputusan Menteri Pertahanan No. A/565/1948 pada tanggal 9 Oktober 1948 ditetapkan adanya Korps Komando di dalam jajaran Angkatan Laut. Korps Komando Angkatan Laut (KKO AL) kembali menggunakan nama Korps Marinir sesuai dengan Surat Keputusan Kepala Staf Angkatan Laut No. Skep/1831/XI/1975 tanggal 15 November 1975.

Markas Korps Marinir terletak di Jalan Kwitang, Jakarta Pusat. Korps Marinir terdiri dari tiga brigade infrantri marinir. Satuan elit marinir TNI-AL dinamakan Batalyon Intai Amfibi (Taifib) dan satuan anti-teror marinir TNI-AL dinamakan Detasemen Jala Mengkara (Denjaka).


Pembagian Korps


Saat ini Korps Marinir terbagi menjadi 1 Regu Pandu Tempur, 1 Batalyon pasukan khusus yang disebut Batalyon Intai Amfibi, dan 3 Brigade Infanteri Marinir, yang melingkupi 9 Batalyon Infanteri Marinir.

* Brigade Infanteri 1/Marinir, berkedudukan di Sidoarjo
1. Batalyon Infanteri 1/Marinir
2. Batalyon Infanteri 3/Marinir
3. Batalyon Infanteri 5/Marinir
* Brigade Infanteri 2/Marinir, berkedudukan di Cilandak, Jakarta Selatan.
1. Batalyon Infanteri 2/Marinir
2. Batalyon Infanteri 4/Marinir
3. Batalyon Infanteri 6/Marinir
* Brigade Infanteri 3/Marinir
1. Batalyon Infanteri 7/Marinir
2. Batalyon Infanteri 8/Marinir
3. Batalyon Infanteri 9/Marinir
* Regu Pandu Tempur
* Batalyon Intai Amfibi, Pasukan khusus Marinir


Komandan Korps


Daftar Komandan Korps Marinir sejak awal pembentukannya Pangkat Nama Dari Sampai Keterangan
Laksamana Muda Agoes Soebekti 1945 1950
Mayjen KKO R. Soehadi 1950 1961
Letjen KKO Hartono 1961 1968
Letjen TNI KKO Moekijat 1968 1971
Mayjen TNI (Mar) H. Moh. Anwar 1971 1977
Letjen TNI (Mar) Kahpi Suriadiredja Juli 1977 Mei 1983
Brigjen TNI (Mar) Muntaram Mei 1983 Januari 1987
Brigjen TNI (Mar) Aminullah Ibrahim Januari 1987 Agustus 1990
Mayjen TNI (Mar) Baroto Sardadi Agustus 1990 November 1992
Brigjen TNI (Mar) Gatur Chaliq Desember 1992 April 1994
Mayjen TNI (Mar) Djoko Pramono April 1994 Februari 1996
Brigjen TNI (Mar) Suharto Februari 1996 1999
Mayjen TNI (Mar) Harry Triono 1999 20 November 2002
Mayjen TNI (Mar) Achmad Rifai 20 November 2002 9 November 2004
Mayjen TNI (Mar) Safzen Noerdin 9 November 2004 6 Juni 2007
Mayjen TNI (Mar) Nono Sampono 6 Juni 2007 sekarang


Peristiwa yang melibatkan Korps Marinir


# Angggota KKO melakukan pengangkatan jenazah para Jendral di Lubang Buaya, terkait peristiwa G30S/PKI.
# Anggota Marinir membunuh 4 warga sipil dan melukai beberapa orang lainya di Pasuruan termasuk seorang balita dalam Insiden Alastlogo 2007.
# Pada 19 Juli 2003, empat orang prajurit Marinir, Kopda (Mar) Suud Rusli, Kopda (Mar) Fidel Husni, Letda (Mar) Syam AS dan Pratu (Mar) Santoso Subianto menembak mati Dirut PT Aneka Sakti Bakti (Asaba) Boedyharto Angsono (60) dan pengawalnya anggota Kopasus Sersan Kepala Infanteri Edy Siyep (32) di Penjaringan, Jakarta Utara atas perintah dari Gunawan Santosa, bekas menantu Boedyharto Angsono.