Pages

Friday, November 27, 2009

Pindad SS1 - Indonesian Assault Rifle

Pindad SS1

Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Indonesia
Service history
In service 1991-Present
Used by See Users
Wars Anti-guerrilla operations including Aceh, East Timor and Irian Jaya
Production history
Designer Fabrique Nationale
Designed 1991
Manufacturer PT Pindad
Produced 1991
Variants See Rifle Variants
Specifications
Weight 4.01 kg (unloaded)
Length 997 mm

Cartridge 5.56x45mm NATO
Action Gas-Operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 700 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 710 m/s
Effective range 450 m
Feed system Various STANAG magazines.
Sights Iron sights, but optical sights are possible if a mount is present. Optical sight is a standard feature in SS1-V4 variant.


The SS1 (short for Indonesian: Senapan Serbu 1, "Assault Rifle 1") is the standard assault rifle of the Indonesian armed forces. It is based on the FN FNC rifle but modified in order to meet ergonomic and tropical environment needs. The SS1 is manufactured by PT Pindad, Bandung, Indonesia under the license from Fabrique Nationale, Belgium.


Overview
The assault rifles of the SS1 series are gas-operated automatic carbines with a foldable butt and are designed to meet the NATO standard. SS1 weapons are high performance light individual weapons that have been used by the Indonesian armed forces, including the Army, Navy, and Air Force, as well as police. It was adopted into Indonesian service in 1991.

It is currently being phased out and replaced by the Pindad SS2.


Rifle variants
SS1-V1
The V1 is the primary variant, and is most widely used by Indonesian regular infantry forces, with standard barrel and foldable butt.
SS1-V2
The short-barreled and compact carbine variant.
SS1-V3
Standard barrel with fixed butt.
SS1-V4
The sniper rifle variant similar to SS1-V1 except for the scope to extend the effective range during medium and long range firefights. Intended to be used similar in function to Dragunov Sniper Rifle.
SS1-V5
The smallest variant of SS1 with a 252 mm barrel and 3.37 kg weight with foldable butt. Used by engineers, artillery forces, rear-echelon troops and by special forces.
SS1-R5 Raider
Another sub-variant of SS1 V5 called SS1-R5 is designed for special forces especially for Batalyon Raiders. The SS1-R5 is a lighter and slimmer design which doesn't sacrifice high accuracy. Designed for special forces operations such as infiltration, short distance contact in jungle, mountain, marsh, sea and urban warfare. SS1-R5 can be attached with bayonet and various types of telescopes.
SS1-M1
The modified SS1 intended for the Indonesian Marine Corps. A special coating process ensures the SS1 M series to be able to hold up sea water and not easily rust. The variant is designed to function even after drenched in mud or sand. Available in 3 variants: SS1-M1, with a long barrel and foldable butt; SS1-M2, with a short barrel and foldable butt and SS1-M5 Commando.
Sabhara/Police V1-V2
A variant created for police use. It's the only rifle in the SS-1 series chambered in 7.62x45mm for law enforcement conditions.
SBC-1

SBC-1 assault carbine, based on the SS1-V5 & SS1-R5 Raider. Selector switch is on S, indicating safe mode. The 1 on the trigger group means single shot mode.
A variant of the SS1-V5, made specifically for Indonesian customs as the rifle is named Senapan Bea Cukai (Indonesian for Customs & Excise Rifle). Fires in single shot instead of full automatic.
SS2 series.


Users
Cambodia: Exported in 1991.
Indonesia
Mali: Confiscated by Philippine customs officials when a ship bound to Mali,
passing by the Philippines to deliver 10 P2 pistols, was raided after arriving in Philippine waters. The Malian government has ordered 100 SS-1V1 rifles. According to Fernandino Tuason of the Customs Intelligence and Investigation Service, he has received credible information that certain politicians are planning to use the weapons, mostly Galils, for destabilization efforts for the presidential elections scheduled to held in 2010.
Nigeria
United Arab Emirates: Exported in 1992.



IN BAHASA INDONESIA / DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA



SS1
Tipe Senapan serbu
Negara asal Indonesia
Sejarah pemakaian
Digunakan 1991-sekarang
Pemakai Indonesia
Perang Konflik Aceh, Timor Timur dan Papua
Sejarah produksi
Tahun 1991
Produsen PT Pindad
Diproduksi 1991
Varian Lihat Varian
Spesifikasi
Berat 4,01 kg (kosong)
Panjang 997 mm

Peluru 5.56 x 45 mm NATO, .223 Remington
Kaliber 5.56 x 45 mm
Mekanisme Operasi gas, bolt berputar
Kec. tembak 700 butir/menit
Kec. peluru 710 m/s
Jarak efektif 450 m
Pengisian Magazen box 30-butir
Alat bidik Bidikan besi

SS1 adalah singkatan dari Senapan Serbu 1, senapan serbu yang banyak digunakan oleh TNI dan POLRI. Senapan ini diproduksi oleh PT. Pindad Bandung, berdasarkan senapan FN FNC dengan lisensi dari perusahaan senjata Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgia.

Senapan ini menggunakan peluru kaliber 5.56 x 45 mm standar NATO dan memiliki berat kosong 4,01 kg. Senapan ini bersama-sama dengan M16, Steyr AUG dan AK-47 menjadi senapan standar TNI dan POLRI, tapi karena diproduksi di Indonesia, senapan ini paling banyak digunakan.


Detail desain
SS-1 diproduksi dalam 2 konfigurasi utama, yaitu senapan standard dan karabin pendek. Versi senapan standar disebut SS1-V1 (FNC “Standard” Model 2000) dan karabin disebut SS1-V2 (FNC “Short” Model 7000). Kedua varian diatas dilengkapi dengan barrel yang berisi pelintiran tembakan tangan kanan sepanjang 178 mm (untuk stabilisasi mengantisipasi peluru SS109 belgia yang lebih berat).


Varian
SS1-V1 — Varian dasar bagi SS1. Laras standar dengan popor lipat.
SS1-V2 — Varian pendek dari SS1, larasnya diperpendek.
SS1-V3 — Varian standar dengan popor tetap.
SS1-V4 — Serupa dengan varian V1, ditambah dengan teleskop.
SS1-V5 — Varian terkecil dari semua varian dengan laras 252 mm dan berat 3,37 kg dan popor lipat. Dirancang untuk teknisi, operator artileri, kru tank, paukan garis belakang, dan pasukan khusus.
SS1-R5 Raider — Sub varian V5 yang dirancang khusus untuk pasukan khusus terbaru TNI Raider. R adalah kependekan dari Raider dan R5 dibuat khusus untuk batalyon ini saja. SS1-R5 memiliki rancangan lebih ramping dan ringan.
SS1 seri M — Dibuat untuk korps Marinir. Dengan proses pengecatan spesial untuk menahan air laut dan tidak mudah berkarat. Varian ini dirancang untuk tetap dapat digunakan setelah masuk lumpur atau pasir. Terdapat tiga varian: M1 dengan laras panjang dan popor lipat; M2 dengan laras pendek dan popor lipat; dan M5 Commando.
Sabhara V1-V2 — Pengembangan varian ini dikhususkan untuk kepolisian, yaitu perlunya kemampuan melumpuhkan bukan membunuh. Varian ini menggunakan peluru 7.62 x 45 mm PT Pindad.